Research Article Open Access

Analysis of Fundamental Frequency Contour of Coded Speech Based on Multi-Pulse Based Code Excited Linear Prediction Algorithm

Suphattharachai Chomphan

Abstract

Problem statement: In low-bit-rate speech communication, speech coding deteriorates the characteristics of the coded speech significantly. An important feature of the speech is the fundamental frequency contour which determines the pitch information of the speech. It has been known that pitch information is one of the core parameter of the multi-pulse based code excited linear prediction (MPCELP) speech coder. Therefore the study of the deteriorated fundamental frequency contour should be conducted properly. Approach: This study proposes an analysis of the fundamental frequency contour of the coded speech based on MP-CELP speech coder. The comparison of the fundamental frequency contour of the natural speech and that of the coded speech has been performed. The MP-CELP with three levels of bitrate scalability is selected as the core speech coder. The speech material includes a hundred of male speech utterances and a hundred of female speech utterances. Results: The experimental results show that the speech coder causes the deterioration of the fundamental frequency contour empirically. The Root Mean Square Error (RMSE) between the fundamental frequency contour of the natural speech and that of the coded speech for three different bitrates has been conducted. The lower bitrate causes the higher value of RMSE. Conclusion: From the study, it is a proved that the MP-CELP speech coder deteriorates the fundamental frequency contour of the transmitted speech.

Journal of Computer Science
Volume 7 No. 6, 2011, 865-870

DOI: https://doi.org/10.3844/jcssp.2011.865.870

Submitted On: 10 March 2011 Published On: 14 June 2011

How to Cite: Chomphan, S. (2011). Analysis of Fundamental Frequency Contour of Coded Speech Based on Multi-Pulse Based Code Excited Linear Prediction Algorithm. Journal of Computer Science, 7(6), 865-870. https://doi.org/10.3844/jcssp.2011.865.870

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Keywords

  • Multi-Pulse based Code Excited Linear Predictive (MP-CELP)
  • speech coding
  • bitrate scalability
  • Linear Prediction (LP)
  • fundamental frequency contour
  • line spectrum pairs