Research Article Open Access

Content Based Medical Image Retrieval with Texture Content Using Gray Level Co-occurrence Matrix and K-Means Clustering Algorithms

B. Ramamurthy1 and K. R. Chandran2
  • 1 Sri Ramakrishna Engineering College, India
  • 2 PSG College of Technology, India


Problem statement: Recently, there has been a huge progress in collection of varied image databases in the form of digital. Most of the users found it difficult to search and retrieve required images in large collections. In order to provide an effective and efficient search engine tool, the system has been implemented. In image retrieval system, there is no methodologies have been considered directly to retrieve the images from databases. Instead of that, various visual features that have been considered indirect to retrieve the images from databases. In this system, one of the visual features such as texture that has been considered indirectly into images to extract the feature of the image. That featured images only have been considered for the retrieval process in order to retrieve exact desired images from the databases. Approach: The aim of this study is to construct an efficient image retrieval tool namely, “Content Based Medical Image Retrieval with Texture Content using Gray Level Co-occurrence Matrix (GLCM) and k-Means Clustering algorithms”. This image retrieval tool is capable of retrieving images based on the texture feature of the image and it takes into account the Pre-processing, feature extraction, Classification and retrieval steps in order to construct an efficient retrieval tool. The main feature of this tool is used of GLCM of the extracting texture pattern of the image and k-means clustering algorithm for image classification in order to improve retrieval efficiency. The proposed image retrieval system consists of three stages i.e., segmentation, texture feature extraction and clustering process. In the segmentation process, preprocessing step to segment the image into blocks is carried out. A reduction in an image region to be processed is carried out in the texture feature extraction process and finally, the extracted image is clustered using the k-means algorithm. The proposed system is employed for domain specific based search engine for medical Images such as CT-Scan, MRI-Scan and X-Ray. Results: For retrieval efficiency calculation, conventional measures namely precision and recall were calculated using 1000 real time medical images (100 in each category) from the MATLAB Workspace database. For selected query images from the MATLAB-Image Processing tool Box-Workspace Database, the proposed tool was tested and the precision and recall results were presented. The result indicates that the tool gives better performance in terms of percentage for all the 1000 real time medical images from which the scalable performance of the system has been proved. Conclusion: This study proposed a model for the Content Based Medical Image Retrieval System by using texture feature in calculating the Gray Level Co Occurrence matrix (GLCM) from which various statistical measures were computed in order to increasing similarities between query image and database images for improving the retrieval performance along with the large scalability of the databases.

Journal of Computer Science
Volume 8 No. 7, 2012, 1070-1076


Submitted On: 2 February 2012 Published On: 24 May 2012

How to Cite: Ramamurthy, B. & Chandran, K. R. (2012). Content Based Medical Image Retrieval with Texture Content Using Gray Level Co-occurrence Matrix and K-Means Clustering Algorithms. Journal of Computer Science, 8(7), 1070-1076.

  • 27 Citations



  • Euclidean distance
  • k-means clustering algorithm
  • CBIR
  • GLCM
  • precision
  • recall
  • visual information
  • texture feature extraction