Research Article Open Access

E2AODV Protocol for Load Balancing in Ad-Hoc Networks

R. Vinod Kumar1 and R. S.D. Wahida Banu2
  • 1 Sona College of Technology, India
  • 2 Government College of Engineering, India

Abstract

Problem statement: In mobile ad hoc networks there are a number of challenges in providing quality of service routing with energy efficiency and load balancing. Most routing protocols do not consider the problem of load balance. A routing protocol called energy Efficient Ad-hoc on Demand Vector (E2AODV) is proposed. It addresses the quality of service issues such as throughput, end to end delay, load distribution and energy. Approach: This study presents a scheme to balance the load with energy efficiency considering both congestion and the nodes energy usage. A threshold value was used to judge if intermediate node was overloaded, variable and changing along with nodes interface queue length around the backward path. Results: The routing protocol called energy Efficient Ad hoc on Demand Vector (E2AODV) that is intended to provide a reliable transmission with low energy consumption was compared with Ad-hoc on Demand Vector (AODV) in terms of the packet delivery ratio, average end to end delay, load distribution and node energy consumption. Conclusion/Recommendation: E2AODV protocol chooses an optimum path with low energy usage. It provides a better scheme to balance the load with energy efficiency and packet delivery ratio. It can be further enhanced as a secure routing protocol for mobile ad-hoc networks.

Journal of Computer Science
Volume 8 No. 7, 2012, 1198-1204

DOI: https://doi.org/10.3844/jcssp.2012.1198.1204

Submitted On: 28 October 2011 Published On: 7 July 2012

How to Cite: Kumar, R. V. & Banu, R. S. W. (2012). E2AODV Protocol for Load Balancing in Ad-Hoc Networks. Journal of Computer Science, 8(7), 1198-1204. https://doi.org/10.3844/jcssp.2012.1198.1204

  • 2,784 Views
  • 3,333 Downloads
  • 4 Citations

Download

Keywords

  • Load balancing
  • queue length
  • routing protocol
  • energy consumption
  • average end to end
  • energy efficient
  • mobile ad-hoc
  • energy usage