Research Article Open Access

Optical Code-Division Multiple-Access and Wavelength Division Multiplexing: Hybrid Scheme Review

Isaac A.M. Ashour1, Sahbudin Shaari1, P. Susthitha Menon1 and Hesham A. Bakarman1
  • 1 Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Malaysia


Problem statement: Hybrid Optical Code-Division Multiple-Access (OCDMA) and Wavelength-Division Multiplexing (WDM) have flourished as successful schemes for expanding the transmission capacity as well as enhancing the security for OCDMA. However, a comprehensive review related to this hybrid system are lacking currently. Approach: The purpose of this paper is to review the literature on OCDMA-WDM overlay systems, including our hybrid approach of one-dimensional coding of SAC OCDMA with WDM signals. In addition, we present an additional review of other categorios of hybrid WDM/OCDMA schemes, where codes of OCDMA can be employed on each WDM wavelength. Furthermore, an essential background of OCDMA, recent coding techniques and security issues are also presented. Results: Our results indicate that the feasibility of transmitting both OCDMA and WDM users on the same spectrum band can be achieved using MQC family code with an acceptable performance as well as good data confidentiality. In addition, the WDM interference signals can be suppressed properly for detection of optical broadband CDMA using notch filters. Conclusion: The paper provides a comprehensive overview of hybrid OCDMA-WDM systems and can be used as a baseline study for other scientists in the similar scope of research.

Journal of Computer Science
Volume 8 No. 10, 2012, 1718-1729


Submitted On: 20 March 2012 Published On: 29 August 2012

How to Cite: Ashour, I. A., Shaari, S., Menon, P. S. & Bakarman, H. A. (2012). Optical Code-Division Multiple-Access and Wavelength Division Multiplexing: Hybrid Scheme Review. Journal of Computer Science, 8(10), 1718-1729.

  • 15 Citations



  • Wavelength-Division Multiplexing (WDM)
  • Optical Code-Division Multiple-Access (OCDMA)
  • optical communications