Research Article Open Access

An Approach to the Performance and Efficiency Power Analysis on Embedded Devices Using Asterisk

Adauto Cavalcante Menezes1, Toniclay Andrade Nogueira1, Edward David Moreno Ordonez1 and Admilson de Ribamar Lima Ribeiro1
  • 1 UFS - Segipe Federal University, Brazil

Abstract

Voice over IP (VoIP) communication will dominate the computing world for years to come. In order to perform VoIP communication, it is necessary to encode and decode the voice. This process consumes the main computational resources, as an example, it is possible to mention the processor and memory. The telecommunication industries provide equipment with high purchasing prices, which makes the access to this technology still very restricted. Embedded devices are purposely constructed for certain applications, they execute systems with high criticality complexity. Asterisk is a free software for voice over IP communication and its main function is to implement the functions of a telephone exchange. These technologies promise to reduce costs and maximize results. This work describes a performance analysis on three modern embedded devices (Raspberry Pi 3, Orange Pi Plus 2 and Banana Pi M3) using the Asterisk voice over IP communication system. The performance analysis consists of evaluating the jitter, delay and bandwidth, as well as the number of concurrent calls supported in each device with SIP and IAX2 protocols with CODEC’s G.711a, G.711u, Gsm, Speex, Ilbc, G.722 and in parallel, monitor the RAM memory consumption, processing and energy. The results show that the Raspberry Pi 3 and the Banana Pi M3 devices support in a satisfactory manner a high number of simultaneous calls with moderate memory, processing and energy consumption. However, the Orange Pi Plus 2 device showed high processing consumption.

Journal of Computer Science
Volume 14 No. 7, 2018, 1038-1052

DOI: https://doi.org/10.3844/jcssp.2018.1038.1052

Submitted On: 21 May 2018 Published On: 2 August 2018

How to Cite: Menezes, A. C., Nogueira, T. A., Ordonez, E. D. M. & Ribeiro, A. R. L. (2018). An Approach to the Performance and Efficiency Power Analysis on Embedded Devices Using Asterisk. Journal of Computer Science, 14(7), 1038-1052. https://doi.org/10.3844/jcssp.2018.1038.1052

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Keywords

  • VoIP
  • Asterisk
  • Embedded Devices
  • Performance Analysis
  • Embedded Systems