Research Article Open Access

RRDVCR: Real-Time Reliable Data Delivery Based on Virtual Coordinating Routing for Wireless Sensor Networks

Venkatesh1, Chanchal Singh Sengar1, Kuppanna Rajuk Venugopal1, Sundaraja Sitharama Iyengar2 and Lalit Mohan Patnaik3
  • 1 University Visvesvaraya College of Engineering, India
  • 2 Florida International University, United States
  • 3 National Institute of Advanced Studies, India


Real-time industrial application requires a routing protocol that guarantees data delivery with reliable, efficient and low end-to-end delay. Existing Two-Hop Velocity based Routing (THVR) protocol relates two-hop velocity to end-to-end delay to select the next forwarding node, that has the overhead of exchanging control packets and depleting the available energy in nodes. We propose a Real-Time Reliable Data delivery based on Virtual Coordinates Routing (RRDVCR) algorithm, based on the number of hops to the destination rather than geographic distance. Selection of forwarding node is based on packet progress offered by two-hops, link quality and available energy at the forwarding nodes. All these metric are co-related by dynamic co-relation factor. The proposed protocol uses a selective acknowledgment scheme that results in lower overhead and energy consumption. Simulation results show that there is about 22 and 9.5% decrease in energy consumption compared to SPEED  respectively, 16 and 38% increase in packet delivery compared to THVR and SPEED respectively and overhead is reduced by 50%.

Journal of Computer Science
Volume 14 No. 1, 2018, 37-52


Submitted On: 13 January 2017 Published On: 3 January 2018

How to Cite: Venkatesh, Sengar, C. S., Venugopal, K. R., Iyengar, S. S. & Patnaik, L. M. (2018). RRDVCR: Real-Time Reliable Data Delivery Based on Virtual Coordinating Routing for Wireless Sensor Networks. Journal of Computer Science, 14(1), 37-52.

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  • Dynamic Co-relation Factor: f(rt)
  • Virtual Coordinating Routing
  • Maximum Transmission Count (MTX)
  • Link Reliability
  • End-to-End Delay