Research Article Open Access

Comparison of Linear and Non-Linear Regression Models for Non-Invasive Blood Glucose Measurement

Dorsaf Ghozzi1, Yassine Manai2 and Khaled Nouri1
  • 1 Laboratoire de Recherche des Systèmes Avancés, Tunisia
  • 2 LA.R.A, Ecole National D’ingénieur de Tunis, Tunisia

Abstract

This paper deals with a new approach of non-invasive glucose monitoring based on near infrared spectroscopy. The proposed approach is coupled with a regression analysis in order to improve the predictive capacity of the designed device. Basic spectral data is a comparison that has been established between linear and non-linear machine learning regression algorithms. The experimental results show that feed forward backpropagation neural network improves more the performance of the designed prototype than partial least square models. The squared correlation coefficient and the Root Mean Square Error (RMSE) of the Artificial Neural Network (ANN) regression model built were 0.9804 and 0.0784 respectively. The ANN regression model was then used in the validation step using 300 human serums with a concentration range of 08-297 mg/dl. Clarke Error Grid Analysis (EGA) showed that 97% of the measured concentrations fall within the clinically acceptable regions. Results showed that the created model can open a new path to a non-invasive glucose monitoring.

Journal of Computer Science
Volume 15 No. 11, 2019, 1607-1616

DOI: https://doi.org/10.3844/jcssp.2019.1607.1616

Submitted On: 15 August 2019 Published On: 13 November 2019

How to Cite: Ghozzi, D., Manai, Y. & Nouri, K. (2019). Comparison of Linear and Non-Linear Regression Models for Non-Invasive Blood Glucose Measurement. Journal of Computer Science, 15(11), 1607-1616. https://doi.org/10.3844/jcssp.2019.1607.1616

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Keywords

  • Non-Invasive Blood Glucose Measurement
  • Near Infrared Spectroscopy
  • Regression Analysis
  • Partial Least Square
  • Artificial Neural Networks