Research Article Open Access

Supervised Machine Learning Model-Based Approach for Performance Prediction of Students

Abdul Razaque1 and Abrar M. Alajlan2
  • 1 International IT University, Kazakhstan
  • 2 King Saud University, Saudi Arabia


Predicting students’ performance is one of the crucial issue for learning contexts, since it helps to develop alternative recommendation systems for academically weak students. Thus, several methods and practices have been applied for educational improvement. However, most of the existing methods do not determine the performance of the students. In this study, we have studied the execution of six machine learning models (Decision tree, Random Forest, Support Vector Machine, Logistic Regression, Ada Boost, Stochastic Gradient Descent) to analyze and evaluate the students’ achievements. The performance is evaluated in term of accuracy, precision, sensitivity and f-measure. Among the selected models, the results validate that the efficiency of Stochastic Gradient Descent is better in training small dataset. In addition, it also produces the higher accuracy as compared with other models. This contribution aims to develop the best model which may derive the conclusion on students' academic achievement.

Journal of Computer Science
Volume 16 No. 8, 2020, 1150-1162


Submitted On: 7 June 2020 Published On: 28 August 2020

How to Cite: Razaque, A. & Alajlan, A. M. (2020). Supervised Machine Learning Model-Based Approach for Performance Prediction of Students. Journal of Computer Science, 16(8), 1150-1162.

  • 6 Citations



  • Machine Learning
  • Student Performance
  • Decision Tree
  • Random Forest
  • Support Vector Machine
  • Logistic Regression
  • Stochastic Gradient Descent