Research Article Open Access

Advanced Persistent Threats (APT)-Attribution-MICTIC Framework Extension

Pedro Ramos Brandao1
  • 1 Instituto Superior de Tecnologias Avançadas-Lisbon (ISTEC) Coordinator, Portugal


Analysis of one of the fundamental parts of the Advanced Persistent Threats (APT) Attacks. The phases of the APTs, their framing with the identification of criminals. Type of attack that normally requires resources only available to the State-State hacking. The importance of Attribution in the analysis of APTS. The unique and differentiating characteristics of this type of attacks compared to traditional cyber-attacks. Development of an extension for one of the few Frameworks applied to Attribution in APTs, the MICTIC.

Journal of Computer Science
Volume 17 No. 5, 2021, 470-479


Submitted On: 28 February 2021 Published On: 19 May 2021

How to Cite: Brandao, P. R. (2021). Advanced Persistent Threats (APT)-Attribution-MICTIC Framework Extension. Journal of Computer Science, 17(5), 470-479.

  • 4 Citations



  • APT
  • Advanced Persistent Threat
  • Cyber Security
  • Cyberwar
  • Cyber Espionage
  • Malware
  • Virus
  • Network Security
  • Cyber Terrorism