Research Article Open Access

Classifications of Skull Fractures using CT Scan Images via CNN with Lazy Learning Approach

Md Moniruzzaman Emon1, Tareque Rahman Ornob1 and Moqsadur Rahman1
  • 1 Shahjalal University of Science and Technology, Bangladesh

Abstract

Classification of skull fracture is a challenging task for both radiologists and researchers. Skull fractures result in broken pieces of bone, which can cut into the brain and cause bleeding and other injury types. So it is vital to detect and classify the fracture very early. In real world, often fractures occur at multiple sites. This makes it harder to detect the fracture type where many fracture types might summarize a skull fracture. Unfortunately, manual detection of skull fracture and the classification process is time-consuming, threatening a patient’s life. Because of the emergence of deep learning, this process could be automated. Convolutional Neural Networks (CNNs) are the most widely used deep learning models for image categorization because they deliver high accuracy and outstanding outcomes compared to other models. We propose a new model called SkullNetV1 comprising a novel CNN by taking advantage of CNN for feature extraction and lazy learning approach which acts as a classifier for classification of skull fractures from brain CT images to classify five fracture types. Our suggested model achieved a subset accuracy of 88%, an F1 score of 93%, the Area Under the Curve (AUC) of 0.89 to 0.98, a Hamming score of 92% and a Hamming loss of 0.04 for this seven-class multi-labeled classification.

Journal of Computer Science
Volume 18 No. 3, 2022, 116-129

DOI: https://doi.org/10.3844/jcssp.2022.116.129

Submitted On: 26 October 2021 Published On: 15 March 2022

How to Cite: Emon, M. M., Ornob, T. R. & Rahman, M. (2022). Classifications of Skull Fractures using CT Scan Images via CNN with Lazy Learning Approach. Journal of Computer Science, 18(3), 116-129. https://doi.org/10.3844/jcssp.2022.116.129

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Keywords

  • Skull Fracture
  • Deep Learning
  • Convolutional Neural Network
  • Radiology Images
  • Computer Vision