Research Article Open Access

Anaphora Resolution in Thai EDU Segmentation

Authapon Kongwan1, Siti Sakira Kamaruddin1 and Farzana Kabir Ahmad1
  • 1 School of Computing, Universiti Utara Malaysia, Malaysia


Human knowledge is mostly in the form of unstructured text. Text can be transcribed into various languages such as the Thai language. To extract knowledge from Thai text, natural language tasks such as word segmentation, Elementary Discourse Unit (EDU) segmentation, and anaphora resolution is the needed tasks. Some interesting phenomena such as non-referential anaphora and the ellipsis of the owner are the significant problems that are necessary to resolve before constructing the complete semantic in the Natural Language Processing (NLP) application. The non-referential anaphora must be detected before identifying the referential anaphora to improve the precision of the anaphora resolution. The ellipsis of the owner is also a crucial problem that needs to be resolved to find the complete semantics. This study presents the methodology to resolve the anaphora from Thai EDU segmentation. The methodology is divided into 2 parts: Thai morphological analysis and the anaphora resolution. The ranking model is applied to resolve the reference of anaphora with the features from the surface word, surround word, syntactic information, and ontology. The results show that precision is 0.77, recall is 0.84 and the F1 score is 0.81.

Journal of Computer Science
Volume 18 No. 4, 2022, 306-315


Submitted On: 30 December 2021 Published On: 5 May 2022

How to Cite: Kongwan, A., Kamaruddin, S. S. & Ahmad, F. K. (2022). Anaphora Resolution in Thai EDU Segmentation. Journal of Computer Science, 18(4), 306-315.

  • 1 Citations



  • Anaphora Resolution
  • Thai Anaphora
  • Ranking Model
  • Natural Language Processing