Research Article Open Access

Advanced Persistent Threats Campaigns and Attribution

Pedro Ramos Brandao1, Henrique Sao Mamede2 and Miguel Correia3
  • 1 Department of Computer Science, Instituto Superior de Tecnologias Avançadas-ISTEC, Portugal
  • 2 Department of Computer Science, Universidade Aberta, Lisbon, Portugal
  • 3 Department of Computer Science, Instituto Superiror Técnico, Lisbon, Portugal


The main objective of this study is to carry out a systematic review of the literature regarding Advanced Persistent Threats (A.P.T.) and A.P.T. Campaigns. The work is focused on campaigns with geographical origin in China and for this reason, the main A.P.T. campaigns from that region are analyzed. All types of documentation were used for the systematic literature review, including gray literature, such as reports from official and government agencies. The Attribution is one of the most important parts of the APT problem, this study tries to demonstrate that it was possible to make the Attribution in relation to certain Groups in China, groups that attacked many western countries via APT. The problem to be solved is to Assign these Groups, that is, to know who are the authors of the APT. The scope of work is specifically the APT attacks and their possible origin in China.

Journal of Computer Science
Volume 19 No. 8, 2023, 1015-1028


Submitted On: 16 October 2022 Published On: 10 August 2023

How to Cite: Brandao, P. R., Mamede, H. S. & Correia, M. (2023). Advanced Persistent Threats Campaigns and Attribution. Journal of Computer Science, 19(8), 1015-1028.

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  • Advanced Persistent Threats
  • A.P.T.
  • A.P.T. Attribution
  • A.P.T. Campaigns