Review Article Open Access

Review on Home Security System in Developing Countries: Affordability or Comfortability

Moses Eterigho Emetere1,5, Daniel Chidera Okpala2, Muhammad Muhammad Bakeko3 and Sunday Adeniran Afolalu4,5
  • 1 Department of Physics, Bowen University, Iwo, Osun State, Nigeria
  • 2 Department of Physics, Covenant University, Ota, Ogun State, Nigeria
  • 3 Department of Physics, Federal Polytechnic, Bida, Niger State, Nigeria
  • 4 Department of Mechanical Engineering, Afe Babalola University, Ado-Ekiti, Ekiti State, Nigeria
  • 5 Department of Mechanical Engineering Science, University of Johannesburg, APK Campus, Johannesburg, South Africa


The spate of robbery, kidnapping, and killing has increased tremendously as most developing countries live below the poverty index. Relying on local authorities may be suicidal as global security architectures have noticeable imperfections. Hence, when planning security solutions on an individual or community basis, the cost is the main factor that must be considered. This review seeks to proffer solutions adapted to little communities to abate or mitigate crimes. The need for an unmonitored home security system was discussed as it has been identified as the panacea to curb organized crimes. Available security technologies were discussed in chronological order, focusing on affordability or comfortability. In developing countries, low-income earners are the victims; the security option should be centered on affordability. On the other hand, average-income earners who could afford the cost of newer technology are plagued with social burdens and time consumption in scanning and updating the biometrics of their guests. In that case, the challenge becomes 'comfortability'. This review examined the shortcoming of home security systems and how it applies to curbing crimes. Low-cost home security was then proposed with all its components, languages, and tools listed for further work. It is recommended that incorporating a shared database with old technologies' home security systems would lead to 'affordability' and 'comfortability'. This recommendation can reduce crimes by 30%.

Journal of Computer Science
Volume 19 No. 4, 2023, 415-430


Submitted On: 18 December 2021 Published On: 11 March 2023

How to Cite: Emetere, M. E., Okpala, D. C., Bakeko, M. M. & Afolalu, S. A. (2023). Review on Home Security System in Developing Countries: Affordability or Comfortability. Journal of Computer Science, 19(4), 415-430.

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  • Home Security
  • Affordability
  • Comfortability
  • Technology