Research Article Open Access

The Effect of Learning Styles on Learning Strategy Use by EFL Learners

Weng Pei-Shi

Abstract

Problem statement: Strategies play a significant role in assisting learners with developing language competence. During the past few years, numbers of studies demonstrated the importance of learning strategies in language learning. Approach: Positive relationship between strategy use and reading comprehension was presented and the differences of strategy use between successful and less successful learners were highly discussed in much research. Successful learners use learning strategies more frequently and effectively than unsuccessful learners. In addition, O’Malley and Chamot (1990) claimed that successful learners know how to choose learning strategies more appropriately. Based on those studies, the evidence of strategy use on different learners is clearly presented. However, few studies have explored the effect of different learning styles on strategy use between high achievers and low achievers, especially in an EFL context. Results: Thus, in this study, learning styles in influencing strategy use were examined. The researchers investigated the relationship between learning styles and strategy use on learners with different language proficiency levels. To do that, the subjects of the study were 71 non-English majors in New Taipei City and they were divided into two language proficiency levels (high and low) based on the English Proficiency Test. Two questionnaires (learning strategy use and learning style) were used to examine the effect of learning styles on reading strategy use. Conclusion: Based on the findings, implications are presented that may be useful to teachers making learners more independent and more effective in language learning.

Journal of Social Sciences
Volume 8 No. 2, 2012, 230-234

DOI: https://doi.org/10.3844/jssp.2012.230.234

Submitted On: 23 August 2011 Published On: 29 February 2012

How to Cite: Pei-Shi, W. (2012). The Effect of Learning Styles on Learning Strategy Use by EFL Learners. Journal of Social Sciences, 8(2), 230-234. https://doi.org/10.3844/jssp.2012.230.234

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Keywords

  • Learning strategy
  • learning styles
  • proficiency levels