Research Article Open Access

Digital Hardware Implementation of a Neural System Used for Nonlinear Adaptive Prediction

Hassène Faiedh, Chokri Souani, Kholdoun Torki and Kamel Besbes

Abstract

Neural networks have been widely used for many applications in digital communications. They are able to give solutions to complex problems due to their nonlinear processing and their learning and generalization. Neural networks are one of the key technologies for the communication domain and accordingly a special effort may be expected to be paid to real time hardware implementation issues. In this study, it is proposed a digital hardware implementation of a neural system based on a multilayer perceptron (MLP). The neural system is used for the nonlinear adaptive prediction of nonstationary signals such as speech signals. The implemented architecture of the MLP is generated using a generic elementary neuron (EN). The polynomial approximation method is used to implement the sigmoidal activation function. The back-propagation algorithm is used to implant the prediction task. The circuit implementation architecture is detailed, for achieving real-time prediction for speech signals. The designed ASIC circuit includes a neural network block, an on-chip learning block and a memory used for storing the synaptic weights for updating.

Journal of Computer Science
Volume 2 No. 4, 2006, 355-362

DOI: https://doi.org/10.3844/jcssp.2006.355.362

Submitted On: 24 December 2005 Published On: 30 April 2006

How to Cite: Faiedh, H., Souani, C., Torki, K. & Besbes, K. (2006). Digital Hardware Implementation of a Neural System Used for Nonlinear Adaptive Prediction . Journal of Computer Science, 2(4), 355-362. https://doi.org/10.3844/jcssp.2006.355.362

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Keywords

  • Digital hardware implementation
  • artificial neural networks
  • multilayer perceptron
  • onchip learning
  • nonlinear adaptive prediction