Review Article Open Access

Comparative Study of Visual Odometry Performance Based on Road Classifications

Dayang Nur Salmi Dharmiza1, Awang Salleh1 and Kuryati Kipli1
  • 1 Department of Electrical and Electronics, Faculty of Engineering, University Malaysia Sarawak, Malaysia


Accuracyand robustness are among the main concerns in vehicle positioning systems andautonomous applications. These concerns are crucial in GNSS-deniedenvironments; thus, we need an alternative technology to overcome this problem.In recent years, vision-based localization known as visual odometry has gainedconsiderable attention among researchers. Visual odometry is a vision-basedpose estimation and it has been developed for mobile object localization suchas robots and vehicles while perceiving their environment. Within the lastdecade, researchers have been immersed in developing techniques to achievehighly accurate and precise localization based on visual odometry. The visualodometry performances are evaluated using anonline dataset for benchmarking. Based on the benchmarking, this study reviewsand compares the robustness of the recent visual odometry techniques forapplication, especially in vehicle localization in various road conditions. Evaluation methods for the selectedtechniques are presented and a thorough analysis of each driving sequence isconducted. The analysis shows that for all visual odometry techniques,localization for high-speed drive suffers higher translation error even thoughthe surrounding has less image noise. Despite that, visual odometry thatimplements careful feature Selection and Tracking (SOFT) proves to be morerobust compared with other techniques with 0.7% relative translation error anda relative rotation error of 0.2 deg/hm.

Journal of Computer Science
Volume 18 No. 11, 2022, 1030-1037


Submitted On: 27 July 2022 Published On: 26 October 2022

How to Cite: Dharmiza, D. N. S., Salleh, A. & Kipli, K. (2022). Comparative Study of Visual Odometry Performance Based on Road Classifications. Journal of Computer Science, 18(11), 1030-1037.

  • 0 Citations



  • Visual Odometry
  • Localization
  • Autonomous Vehicle