Demotivating Factors for English Language Learning Among University Students
Problem statement: Demotivation is a relatively new issue in the field of second/foreign Language (L2) learning motivation. Recognizing and removing barriers can have a marked effect on motivation and attention to learning in general and ESL/EFL learning in particular. Demotivating factors are essential factors which negatively influence the learner’s attitudes and behaviors and hence lead to undesired learning outcomes. The purpose of the present study was to analyze the effective factors on demotivation for English language learning among a group of Iranian university students. Approach: To begin, 260 university students (150 males and 110 females) were selected through the multi-stage sampling method. Students completed the Persian version of the Demotivation Questionnaire for English Language Learning (DQELL). The principal component analysis was used to compute the DQELL’s factorial validity and the multivariate analysis of variance was performed to compare more motivated and less motivated learners based on demotivation factors. Results: Through the principal axis factor analysis, five demotivation factors were extracted: (a) lack of perceived individual competence, (b) lack of intrinsic motivation, (c) inappropriate characteristics of teachers’ teaching methods and course contents, (d) inadequate university facilities and (e) focus on difficult grammar. The results of multivariate analysis of variance showed statistically significant differences between the two groups for two factors (lack of perceived individual competence and lack of intrinsic motivation) while there were no statistically significant differences for the other three demotivating factors (inappropriate characteristics of teachers’ teaching methods and course contents, inadequate university facilities and focus on difficult grammar). Conclusion: These findings suggest that internal forces cannot be ignored as demotivating factors when studying them among Iranian students.
Copyright: © 2012 Reyhaneh Ghadirzadeh, Fariba Pourabolfathe Hashtroudi and Omid Shokri. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
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- learning motivation
- language learning
- Classic Test Theory (CTT)
- Multivariate Analysis of Variance (MANOVA)