Research Article Open Access

AT1-IR-beta Association: A New Mechanism for the Inhibition of Insulin Receptor Function in Breast Cancer

Lakshmi Pulakat1, Ravindra Kolhe1 and Nara Gavini1
  • 1 Mississippi State University, United States

Abstract

Epidemiological evidence show that increased mortality in breast cancer is linked to hypertension and insulin resistance. Because Angiotensin II (Ang II), a hormone implicated in hypertension and insulin resistance, is a normal mitogen for breast tissue and elevated expression of the Ang II receptor AT1 is seen in breast cancer, we analyzed the effects of Ang II exposure on the functions of IR in human breast cancer cell line MCF-7. Exposure of MCF-7 to Ang II for 2 hours a) significantly reduced 125I-insulin binding to IR, and b) induced co-immuno-precipitation of the AT1 with IR-beta subunit. These Ang II-mediated effects on IR were inhibited by the AT1 antagonist losartan, and were not observed when exposure time was below 1-hour. These observations suggest extended exposure to Ang II have detrimental effects on insulin binding to IR that were not discovered in the previous studies where Ang II-exposure of insulin responsive cells was performed for periods less than one hour. In addition, they suggest a novel mechanism that involves AT1-IR-beta association for the inhibition of insulin binding to IR in response to extended exposure (2-hours) of breast cancer cells to elevated levels of Ang II (as seen in hypertensive patients), and provides a molecular link for the inhibition of normal IR signaling by Ang II in breast cancer.

American Journal of Biochemistry and Biotechnology
Volume 4 No. 1, 2008, 24-34

DOI: https://doi.org/10.3844/ajbbsp.2008.24.34

Submitted On: 6 June 2007 Published On: 31 March 2008

How to Cite: Pulakat, L., Kolhe, R. & Gavini, N. (2008). AT1-IR-beta Association: A New Mechanism for the Inhibition of Insulin Receptor Function in Breast Cancer. American Journal of Biochemistry and Biotechnology, 4(1), 24-34. https://doi.org/10.3844/ajbbsp.2008.24.34

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Keywords

  • Angiotensin II
  • AT1 receptor
  • Insulin receptor
  • Insulin
  • Receptor-Receptor interaction